Some Lesser Known Facts About Indira Gandhi
|Real Name||Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi|
|Profession||Former Indian Politician|
|Political Journey||• She served her father unofficially as a personal assistant during his tenure as the first Prime Minister of India in the 1950s.
• In the late 1950s, she served as the President of Indian National Congress.
• She was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha in 1964 and became a member of Lal Bahadur Shastri's cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting.
• After the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966, she was named the party leader over Morarji Desai.
• She served as the Prime Minister of India from January 1966 to March 1977.
• Gandhi again became the Prime Minister of India in 1980 and served until October 1984 before she was assassinated by two of her security guards.
|Political Party||Indian National Congress|
|Physical Stats & More|
|Weight (approx.)||in Kilograms- 62 kg
in Pounds- 137 lbs
|Height (approx.)||in centimeters- 163 cm
in meters- 1.63 m
in Feet Inches- 5’ 4”
|Hair Colour||Salt & Pepper|
|Age (as on 31 October 1984)||66 Years|
|Date of Birth||19 November 1917|
|Date of Death||31 October 1984|
|Place of Birth||Allahabad, United Provinces, British India|
|Place of Death||1 Safdarjung Road, New Delhi|
|Cause of Death||Assassination|
|Zodiac sign/Sun sign||Scorpio|
|Family||Father- Jawaharlal Nehru (Former Indian Politician & First PM of India)
Mother- Kamala Nehru (Freedom Fighter)
|Hometown||Allahabad, United Provinces, British India|
|Educational Qualifications||College dropout|
|College/ University||Visva-Bharati University (dropout)
Somerville College, Oxford (dropout)
Badminton School, Bristol, England
|School||Modern School, Delhi
St. Cecilia's Public School, Delhi
St Mary's Christian Convent School, Allahabad
International School of Geneva
École nouvelle de la Suisse romande, Lausanne, Switzerland
Pupils' Own School in Poona and Bombay
|Major Controversies||• In June 1975, Justice Jagmohanlal Sinha of Allahabad High Court found her guilty of election corruption for her election campaign. The court debarred her from her Lok Sabha seat and declared the election as null and void and banned her from contesting elections for next 6 years. Charges included bribing voters, misusing the government's machinery for her election campaign, using the electricity from state electricity department. She, however, challenged the High Court's decision in the Supreme Court but the decision was upheld by the justice V. R. Krishna Iyer and he ordered that all the privileges she received as an MP be stopped and that she be debarred from voting. The fact that she was allowed to lead the country as a Prime Minister lead to the Emergency period in the country which lasted for about 21 months. She invoked article 352 and granted herself extraordinary powers and launched a massive crackdown on civil liberties and political opposition to control the ever growing population of India, she provoked forced sterilisations during the emergency. Some say that her son Sanjay Gandhi's mind was behind this tragic step.
• In 1984, began a military operation, Operation Blue Star. It was ordered by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in order to remove the Sikh militants who were accumulating arms in the Harmandir Sahib Complex/ Golden Temple, Amritsar. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, the leader of Damdami Taksal was the key person in the initiation of the operation. A number of military divisions were deployed in Punjab to tackle the situation and get control of the place. This resulted in a number of innocent lives and heavy damage to the Golden Temple. She was later assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards for the same.
|Debut||She made it to the politics in 1950s as a personal assistant to her father, Late Jawaharlal Nehru, while he served as the Prime Minister of India post independence.|
|Boys, Affairs and More|
|Marital Status||Widow at the time of death|
|Husband||Feroze Gandhi (Former Indian Politician & Journalist)|
|Children|| Son- Rajiv Gandhi (Former Indian Politician)
Sanjay Gandhi (Former Indian Politician)
- Did Indira Gandhi smoke: No
- Did Indira Gandhi drink liquor: Not Known
- Gandhi had a desolate adolescence as she had no kin as her more youthful sibling kicked the bucket youthful. Her dad was generally out on his political visits and mother was visit out of commission of her sickness and after that kicked the bucket of tuberculosis.
- While she was in Europe, Indira was irritated because of her evil wellbeing and was continually gone to by specialists. She was being dealt with in Switzerland in the 1940s when Nazi armed forces quickly vanquished Europe. In spite of the fact that she endeavored to backpedal to England, she was stuck there for around 2 months. She at that point figured out how to return to England in 1941 and after that came back to India abandoning her examinations at the Oxford stranded. In any case, the University granted her a privileged degree and in 2010 Oxford additionally respected her by choosing her as one of the ten Oxasians, renowned Asian alumni from the University of Oxford.
- Exactly at a youthful age of 12, she was frantic to join Indian National Congress however the slightest age required to do the same was 18. She found an inventive method to move by framing a gathering called “monkey unit” with her companions. The name was roused by an old Indian epic ballad where various monkeys (Vanar) helped master Rama to handle Ravana. The unit had the goal to keep an eye on police authorities. She at that point formally turned into a government official in 1950s as an individual right hand to her dad who was the primary Prime Minister of autonomous India. At first, she was viewed as a moronic doll (gungi gudiya) in the political world.
- Feroze Gandhi, whom Indira wedded in the 1950s, was conceived in a Zoroastrian Parsi family as Feroze Ghandhy. He changed his name on the proposition of the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. It was to keep the harm to Nehru’s political picture which would have come his direction generally.
- Some say that her more youthful Son Sanjay was destined to Mohammad Yunus, a negotiator. The reality which Sanjay knew and regularly coerced his mom off. This was something that stressed Indira a considerable measure and wound up in a puzzling passing of Sanjay in a plane crash in June 1980. The winged creature tumbled off the skies nose plunged.
- After her dad’s demise in 1966, she assumed responsibility as the Prime Minister of India, along these lines turning into the main ladies PM of the country.
- Under the administration of Indira Gandhi, Green Revolution started in India in the 1960s, where in the country saw an exponential increment in the farming yields because of improved agronomic innovation. States like Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh profited the most out of it in the early stage.
- At that point came the genuine test in 1971 when she sponsored the Bengali Movement, a development for the freedom of East Pakistan from West Pakistan. It took only 13 days for India and the Soviet Union to make the USA, China, Britain, and Sri Lanka supported Pakistan Armed Forces surrender and let the area take a shot at its own, which is presently known as Bangladesh. This was one of the most brief enduring wars in the history. The war and its outcome demonstrated a change of an ‘Idiotic Doll’ into an ‘Iron Lady’.
- In 1975, the then President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed proclaimed a crisis the nation over on account of the interior aggravations that won around then. The nation had additionally seen a gigantic monetary misfortune amid the Bangladesh Liberation War and the 1973 oil emergency had hit the nation hard. The legislature asserted that the strikes and challenges had deadened the administration and that the economy had transformed into a terrible shape due to such occurrences.
- Later in June 1984, she incited ‘Operation Blue Star’ to evacuate the Sikh pioneers requesting a different country out of Punjab region and to take control of the Harmandir Sahib Complex in Amritsar. Those 10 days of the uproars brought about various passings and money related misfortune.
- The ‘Iron Lady’ arrived at a grievous end in the October 1984 when two of her protectors named Satwant Singh and Beant Singh killed her while she was headed to be met by a British performer Peter Ustinov. Similarly as she cleared the door protected by them, Sub Inspector discharged 3 rounds of his pistol took after by the 30 slugs magazine being shot at by Beant Singh to complete her off. This attack was to retaliate for the passing of the pure individuals who had lost their lives and furthermore for the harm to the pride of Sikhs.