Some Lesser Known Facts About Mahatma Gandhi
|Nickname||Mahatma, Father of the Nation and Bapu|
|Real Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Profession||Politician, Lawyer, Peace Activist, Philosopher|
|Famous Quotes||• “Be the change that you want to see in the world.”
• “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong.”
• "An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind.”
• “Nobody can hurt me without my permission.”
• “In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”
• “An ounce of patience is worth more than a tonne of preaching.”
• “A man is but a product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.”
• “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.”
• "First, they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win."
• "Poverty is the worst form of violence."
|Major Works||• Gandhi witnessed racism, prejudice, injustice against himself and Indians in South Africa, after witnessing all this, Gandhi extended his original period of stay in South Africa to help Indians in opposing a bill to deny them the right to vote. He asked Joseph Chamberlain, the British Colonial Secretary, to reconsider his position on this bill.
• He helped found the Natal Indian Congress in 1894, and through this organisation, he moulded the Indian community of South Africa into a unified political force.
• A new act was promulgated by Transvaal govt in 1906; this Act was compelling every male Asian had to register himself and produce on demand a thumb-printed certificate of identity. Unregistered persons and restricted immigrants could be deported without a right of appeal or fined on the spot if they fail to comply with Act. At the same time, Gandhi employed the Satyagraha, a non-violent protest in South Africa. He urged Indians to boycott the new law and to suffer the retribution for doing so. The community adopted this plan, and during the ensuing seven-year struggle, thousands of Indians were jailed, flogged, or shot for striking, refusing to register, for burning their registration cards or engaging in other forms of nonviolent resistance. Government quelled the protest easily, but the public outcry constrained South African leader Jan Christiaan Smuts to negotiate a compromise with Gandhi.
• Upon returning to India in 1915, Gandhi played a major role in Indian Independence, Gandhi took leadership of the Congress in 1920 and started escalating demands for India's independence. 26 January 1930 was the day when Indian National Congress declared the independence of India. The British did not recognise the declaration, but negotiations ensued, with the Congress taking a role in provincial government in the late 1930s.
• In 1918, Gandhi initiated Champaran and Kheda agitations.
• In 1930, Salt March Movement was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi to oppose taxation on salt by British Government.
• On 8 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi, initiated a movement named "Quit India Movement". Gandhi made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan.
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height (Approx.)||in centimeters- 168 cm
in meters- 1.68 m
in Feet Inches- 5’ 6”
|Age (as on 30 January 1948)||78 Years|
|Date of Birth||2 October 1869|
|Place of Birth||Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire
(now in Gujarat, India)
|Place of Death||New Delhi, India|
|Date of Death||30 January 1948|
|Death Cause||Assassination by shooting|
|Zodiac sign/Sun sign||Libra|
|Resting Place||Raj Ghat Delhi but his ashes was scattered in various Indian Rivers|
|College||Samaldas College, Bhavnagar State (now, District Bhavnagar, Gujarat), India
Inner Temple, London
UCL Faculty of Laws, University College London
|School||A Local School in Rajkot
Alfred High School, Rajkot
A High School in Ahmedabad
|Family||Father- Karamchand Gandhi, Dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar state
Mother- Putlibai Gandhi (Homemaker)
Brothers- Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi,
Gandhi(right) and Laxmidas(Left)
Sister- Raliatbehn Gandhi
|Hobbies||Roaming About, Reading books, Listening to Music|
|Controversies||• In 2016, some Ghanian students called for the removal of a statue of Mahatma Gandhi from a university campus. They accused Gandhi of being racist towards black people by holding the view that Indians were higher than them. This view was also held by two South African professors Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed who claimed that Gandhi labelled black Africans as “savage,” “raw” and "indolent”. Gandhi also demanded separate entrances for blacks and Indians at the Durban post office while he was living in South Africa.
• In 1906, Gandhi took an oath to abstain from sex life. Gandhi carried out several experiments to test himself as a celibate. He brought his grandniece Manubehn to sleep naked in his bed as part of a spiritual experiment in which Gandhi could test himself as a "Brahmachari". Several other young women and girls also sometimes shared his bed as part of his experiments. These experiments took flak from most of the Indian Politicians and the people of India.
|Favourite Author||Leo Tolstoy|
|Favourite Persons||Gautama Buddha, Harishchandra, and his mother Putlibai|
|Girls, Affairs and More|
Harilal Mohandas Gandhi
- Did Mahatma Gandhi Smoke? : Yes (Abandoned)
- Did Mahatma Gandhi drink liquor?: Not Known
- He was conceived as Mohandas Gandhi to a Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar (otherwise called Sudamapuri).
- Despite the fact that his dad, Karamchand Gandhi, just had a rudimentary instruction. He turned out to be a competent Chief Minister of Porbandar State. Beforehand, Karamchand was posted as an assistant in the state organization.
- Amid his residency as the Chief Minister of Porbandar, Karamchand wedded 4 times (first 2 spouses kicked the bucket youthful after each had brought forth a little girl). Karamchand’s third marriage was childless. In 1857, Karamchand had his fourth marriage with Putlibai (1841-1891).
- His mom, Putlibai, was from a Pranami Vaishnava group of Junagadh.
- Some time recently, Mohandas (Mahatma Gandhi) was conceived; Karamchand and Putlibai had 3 kids a child, Laxmidas (1860-1914), a little girl, Raliatbehn (1862– 1960) and another child, Karsandas (1866-1913).
- On 2 October 1869, in a dim, austere room, Putlibai brought forth her last kid, Mohandas, in Porbandar.
- Gandhiji’s sister, Raliatben, depicted him as “eager as mercury, either playing or wandering around. One of his most loved leisure activities was winding canines’ ears.”
- The exemplary Indian stories of lord Harishchandra and Shravana greatly affected Gandhiji’s adolescence. In a meeting, he stated, “It frequented me, and I more likely than not acted Harishchandra to myself times without number.” We can follow Gandhiji’s initial experience with truth, love, and forfeit to these stories.
- Mahatma Gandhi’s mom was a to a great degree devout woman, and he was profoundly impacted by her. She could never take suppers without day by day supplications. To keep 2 or 3 back to back fasts was ordinary to her. Maybe, it was his mom who roused Gandhiji to keep long fasts in his later years.
- In 1874, his dad, Karamchand, left Porbandar and turned into a guide at Rajkot to its ruler; Thakur Sahib.
- At 9 years old, he entered a nearby school close to his home in Rajkot.
- When he was 11, he joined a secondary school in Rajkot. There he was a normal understudy and was exceptionally bashful. Mahatma Gandhi as a Child
- While at High School, he met a Muslim companion named Sheik Mehtab. Mehtab urged him to eat meat to pick up tallness. Mehtab additionally took him to a whorehouse one day. The experience was very exasperating for Mohandas, and he cleared out the organization of Mehtab.
- In May 1883, at 13 years old, Mohandas wedded 14-years of age Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia (abbreviated to “Kasturba”, and lovingly to “Ba”). Reviewing the day of their marriage, Mahatma Gandhi once stated, “As we didn’t know much about marriage, for us it implied just wearing new garments, eating desserts and playing with relatives.” He additionally portrayed with lament the indecent emotions he had for his young lady of the hour.
- In 1885, his dad kicked the bucket, around then Mahatma Gandhi was 16-years of age. That year, he likewise had his first tyke, who made due for just a couple of days. Afterward, the couple had 4 more kids, all children: Harilal (b. 1888), Manilal (b. 1892), Ramdas (1897), and Devdas (1900).
- In November 1887, at 18 years old, he moved on from secondary school in Ahmedabad.
- In January 1888, the youthful Gandhi selected at Samaldas College in Bhavnagar State. Notwithstanding, he dropped out and came back to Porbandar. Youthful Mahatma Gandhi
- On 10 August 1888, on the exhortation of Mavji Dave Joshiji (a Brahmin minister and family companion), Mohandas left Porbandar for Bombay with an intend to seek after Law Studies in London. Individuals cautioned him that England would entice him eating meat and drinking liquor. To this, Gandhi made a promise before his mom that he would refuse liquor, meat, and ladies.
- On 4 September 1888, he cruised off Bombay to London.
- With the goal of turning into a lawyer, he selected at the Inner Temple in London and concentrated there Law and Jurisprudence. His adolescence bashfulness proceeded in London too. In any case, he began embracing ‘English Customs’, like English-talking, taking move classes, and so forth.
- While in London, he joined “Veggie lover Society” and was chosen to its Executive Committee. A large portion of the veggie lovers he met there were individuals from Theosophical Society (built up in New York City in 1875). They urged Mohandas Gandhi to join the Theosophical Society. Mahatma Gandhi (Seated Extreme Right) With The Members of Vegetarian Society
- On 12 January 1891, he passed the Law Examination.
- In June 1891, at 22 years old, he was called to the British Bar and selected in the High Court. That year he came back to India where he found that his mom had kicked the bucket while he was in London. Mahatma Gandhi in London
- In India, he was acquainted with Raychandbhai (Whom Gandhiji viewed as his Guru).
- He began providing legal counsel in Bombay. Be that as it may, it bombed as he needed mental strategies to interrogate witnesses. At that point, he came back to Rajkot, where he began a humble living by drafting petitions for prosecutors. Be that as it may, after a fight with a British Officer, he was compelled to stop his work.
- In 1893, a Muslim trader named Dada Abdullah met Mohandas Gandhi. Abdullah had a huge delivery business in South Africa, and Abdullah’s inaccessible cousin, who lived in Johannesburg, required a legal advisor. Abdullah offered £105 in addition to make a trip costs to him, which he joyfully acknowledged.
- In April 1893, at 23 years old, he set sail for South Africa (where he would put in 21 years; building up his political perspectives, morals, and governmental issues).
- In June 1893, At Pietermaritzburg station, Mohandas Gandhi was requested to go into the van compartment of the prepare despite the fact that he held a first class ticket. On his refusal, he was persuasively launched out, his packs pitched out after him. He was left to shudder at the stage throughout the night. Mahatma Gandhi Pietermaritzburg Station
- In May 1894, the Abdullah case that had conveyed him to South Africa was finished up.
- Stupefied with the segregations looked by the Indians in South Africa, on May 1894, he proposed an association to watch the enthusiasm of Indians, and on 22 August 1894, it at long last brought about the establishment of Natal Indian Congress to battle shading bias. Mahatma Gandhi With the Founders of Natal Indian Congress
- In October 1899, after the break of Boer War, Mohandas Gandhi joined Ambulance Corps. To help British battle troops against the Boers, he raised 1100 Indian Volunteers. For this Gandhi and 37 different Indians got the Queen’s South Africa Medal. Mahatma Gandhi Ambulance Corps
- On 11 September 1906, out of the blue, he received “Satyagraha” (a peaceful challenge) against the Transvaal Government, which had ordered another law convincing enlistment of the settlements of Indian and Chinese populaces. Mahatma Gandhi First Satyagraha in South Africa
- Mahatma Gandhi was propelled by the possibility of Satyagraha by a letter kept in touch with Tarak Nath Das by the Russian radical Leo Tolstoy. He took the thought back to India in 1915. Mahatma Gandhi And Leo Tolstoy
- In the vicinity of 13 and 22 November 1909, he stated “Rear Swaraj” in Gujarati on board S.S.Kildonan Castle while in transit to South Africa from London. Mahatma Gandhi Book Hind Swaraj
- In 1910, he built up the “Tolstoy Farm” close Johannesburg (a hopeful group). Mahatma Gandhi Tolstoy Farm
- On 9 January 1915, he came back to India. Since 2003, the day is commended as “Pravasi Bhartiya Divas” in India.
- While in India, Mahatma Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress. It was Gopal Krishna Gokhale who acquainted him with Indian issues, governmental issues, and the Indian individuals. Mahatma Gandhi With Gopal Krishna Gokhale
- In May 1915, he established Satyagraha Ashram at Kochrab in Ahmedabad. Mahatma Gandhi Satyagraha Ashram at Kochrab
- In April 1917, being induced by a neighborhood cash moneylender in Champaran named Raj Kumar Shukla, Mahatma Gandhi went to Champaran to address the issue of Indigo agriculturists. It was Mahatma Gandhi’s first dissent against the British monstrosities in India. Raj Kumar Shukla Champaran
- In 1918, alongside Vallabhbhai Patel, he partook in Kheda Movement requesting alleviation from charges as the Kheda was hit by surges and starvation.
- On 8 October 1919, the first issue of ‘Youthful India’ was discharged under Gandhiji’s Editorship. Youthful India First Issue Under the Editorship of Mahatma Gandhi
- In 1919, after the finish of the First World War, Mahatma Gandhi bolstered the Ottoman Empire and looked for political participation from Muslims in his battle against the British Imperialism.
- Amid 1920-1921, he drove the Khilafat and non-Co-operation Movements.
- After the Chauri-Chaura occurrence in February 1922, he pulled back the Non-Co-operation Movement.
- On 10 March 1922, he was captured and sent to Yervada Jail and stayed in prison until March 1924. Mahatma Gandhi in Yarwada Jail
- On 17 September 1924, he began 21 days quick for Hindu-Muslim solidarity. Mahatma Gandhi 21 days Fast
- In December 1924, he directed the Congress Session at Belgaum, for the first and final time. Mahatma Gandhi Presiding Belgaum Congress Session
- In December 1929, Gandhiji’s determination on “Total Independence” was embraced at the open session of Lahore Congress. Mahatma Gandhi At the Lahore Session
- On 12 March 1930, he began his well known Dandi March (388 kilometers from Ahmedabad to Dandi) to overstep the Salt Law.
- In 1930, Time magazine named Mahatma Gandhi, the “Man of the Year.” Mahatma Gandhi Time Magazine
- Winston Churchill (the then British Prime Minister) was a staunch faultfinder of Mahatma Gandhi. He named him a tyrant, a “Hindu Mussolini.”
- On 28 October 1934, he proclaimed his expectation to resign from Congress.
- In 1936, Mahatma Gandhi established Sevagram Ashram at Wardha.
- On 15 January 1942, he proclaimed, ‘My political successor is Jawaharlal.’ Mahatma Gandhi With Jawaharlal Nehru
- On 8 March 1942, Addressed All India Congress Committee of Bombay and conveyed his renowned Quit India Speech and asked Indians to “Karo Ya Maro” (Do or kick the bucket).
- On 22 February 1944, his better half, Kasturba Gandhi kicked the bucket. A saree woven from yarn spun by Gandhiji was wra